MISCELLANEA Human in the Nietzschean Vision of Greek Mythology and Religion
Krzysztof Ulanowski 1 1 - MAeS 2011; 12 (1): ICID: 1093925 Article type: Original article IC™ Value: 3.00
Abstract provided by Publisher
Nietzsche’s work came from a fascination with Greek culture, and despite its many philosophical
transformations, this culture remained very important to him. Heraclitus was oneof the philosophers, who was invariably admired by Nietzsche in terms of both style and content. The most important thesis of Nietzsche’s work focused around a few sentences of Heraclitean philosophy. Greek culture fascinated the German philosopher, not only by the ability of the continuous myths’ creation but first of all many versions of them, which allowed it to avoid the trap of the only truth. According to Nietzsche, the Greek ideal of human civilisation manifested itself in its creativity and inexhaustible power of creation. Therefore, the censorious impulses of Socrates and Plato in relation to the poets as the
creators of the myths were recognised by him, not as the features of the Classical Period of Greek philosophy, but as the beginning of the end of their civilisation. Plato’s philosophy which recignised the only one (his own) truth is regarded by Nietzsche as a mummification of Greek culture, and assessed it as pure nihilism. Nietzsche’s evaluation of truth and lies on the basis of Greek culture, in comparison with the ancient texts, allows one more to verify from a different perspective the veracity of his philosophy.